In book formatting, you begin by deciding on the size of your book. For trade paperbacks, the most common size is 6×9 inches. You need a larger trim size if you are writing a book for children or for seniors. Illustrations and photographs also have to be considered when choosing your book size.
Margin is very important in a book format. Once the page size is decided on, then margin follows. Margins are larger in a large book. The norm for books that are between 5×8 inches and 8×10 inches is margins between 5 inches and 1.25 inches. You can set the header and footer margin at their default or you can set it at half of the margins.
In fiction books, page numbers are required but not headers and footers. If you put page numbers on the bottom of the page instead of the top then you simply the formatting.
A book block is the name given to the inside of your book. The front matter, the main body text, and the back matter make up the book block.
The front matter are the page that come before the main body of text. With the use of lower case roman numerals, the front matter pages are numbered. There are no page numbers shown on blank pages. The half title pages is the first page of you book and is usually on a new right hand page. Only the book title is written here. There are no subtitles, author’s name and publisher. You have the option to put this page or not. The full title page is also on a new right hand page which contains the book’s full title, subtitle, the author’s name and the publisher.
The copyright page is located at the back of the title page. The copyright notice, the publishing date, the publisher, and the place it was published is included in the copyright page. Plagiarism is prevented with this copyright page.
A dedication page follows on a new right hand page which is optional. An introduction written by a recognized authority other than the author is a foreword which is located in a new right hand page. The importance of the book is explained in the foreword.
On a new right hand page is your table of contents. The beginning pages of every chapter is listed accurately on the table of contents.
Parts, sections, or chapters can be the divisions of the main body of the book text. Parts begin on a new right hand page and are larger than chapters. Sections can be larger or smaller than chapters. Chapters are the main divisions of most books and should be numbered sequentially.
The back matter consists of the appendix, notes, bibliography, glossary, index, and a colophon. Novels don’t need these but a technical manual might use all of them.